A Deta Micro can be set to run on a schedule from the
deta cli using the deta cron set command.
In order to set a micro to run on a schedule, the micro's code needs to define a function that will be run on the schedule with the help of our library
deta library is pre-installed on a micro and can just be imported directly.
deta cron set to schedule the micro.
You can set the cron in two ways:
You can define the
rate at which a micro should run. It is comprised of a
value: is a non-zero positive integer
unit: unit of time, can be
minute, minutes, hour, hours, day, days. If the
1the unit must be
deta cron set "1 minute": Run every minute
deta cron set "2 hours": Run every two hours
deta cron set "5 days": Run every five days
Cron expressions allow you more flexibility and precision when setting a cron job. Cron expressions have six required fields, which are separated by white space.
|Month||1-12 or JAN-DEC||,-*/|
|Day-of-week||1-7 or SUN-SAT||,-*?L#|
The , (comma) wildcard includes additional values. In the Month field, JAN,FEB,MAR would include January, February, and March.
The - (dash) wildcard specifies ranges. In the Day field, 1-15 would include days 1 through 15 of the specified month.
The (asterisk) wildcard includes all values in the field. In the Hours field, would include every hour. You cannot use * in both the Day-of-month and Day-of-week fields. If you use it in one, you must use ? in the other.
The / (forward slash) wildcard specifies increments. In the Minutes field, you could enter 1/10 to specify every tenth minute, starting from the first minute of the hour (for example, the 11th, 21st, and 31st minute, and so on).
The ? (question mark) wildcard specifies one or another. In the Day-of-month field you could enter 7 and if you didn't care what day of the week the 7th was, you could enter ? in the Day-of-week field.
The L wildcard in the Day-of-month or Day-of-week fields specifies the last day of the month or week.
The W wildcard in the Day-of-month field specifies a weekday. In the Day-of-month field, 3W specifies the weekday closest to the third day of the month.
The # wildcard in the Day-of-week field specifies a certain instance of the specified day of the week within a month. For example, 3#2 would be the second Tuesday of the month: the 3 refers to Tuesday because it is the third day of each week, and the 2 refers to the second day of that type within the month.
You can't specify the Day-of-month and Day-of-week fields in the same cron expression. If you specify a value (or a *) in one of the fields, you must use a ? (question mark) in the other.
Cron expressions that lead to rates faster than 1 minute are not supported.
deta cron set "0 10 * * ? *": Run at 10:00 am(UTC) every day
deta cron set "15 12 * * ? *": Run at 12:15 pm(UTC) every day
deta cron set "0 18 ? * MON-FRI *": Run at 6:00 pm(UTC) every Monday through Friday
deta cron set "0 8 1 * ? *": Run at 8:00 am(UTC) every 1st day of the month
deta cron set "0/15 * * * ? *": Run every 15 minutes
deta cron set "0/5 8-17 ? * MON-FRI *": Run every 5 minutes Monday through Friday between 8:00 am and 5:55 pm(UTC)
With this code deployed on a deta micro, the
deta cron set commands will execute the function based on the cron rate or expression. For example
will set the function to run every 10 minutes. In order to see the execution logs, you can use the visor
A function that is triggered from the cron must take an
event as the only argument. The
event will have the following attribute.
stringtype of an event, will be
cronwhen triggered by a cron event
deta cron remove to remove a schedule from the micro.
Cron and HTTP
You can combine both cron and HTTP triggers in the same deta micro. For this you need to instantiate your app using the
deta library that is pre-installed on a micro.
Cron and Run
You can use both cron and run triggers in the same deta micro. You can also stack run and cron triggers for the same function.